Mé REDD+ Project
Launched in: December 2016 / Duration: 3 years / Budget: 2.5 M €
Field partners: MINISTRY OF URBAN SALUBRITY, ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (MINSEDD), PREFECTORAL CORPS, REGIONAL DIRECTIONS OF AGRICULTURE, WATER AND FORESTS...), REGIONAL COUNCIL OF ME
Financial partners: REPUBLICS OF FRANCE AND COTE D'IVOIRE, via the Debt Reduction and Development Contract (C2D)
57% of the forests of Côte d'Ivoire disappeared between 1990 and 2015 (BNETD, 2016). Only 3.4 million ha of forest remain and this decline is largely attributable to cocoa cultivation of which Côte d'Ivoire is the world's largest producer.
Outside of the Taï National Park (on the Liberian border), there are still some humid forests inhabited by populations of chimpanzees in great danger in the south-east of the country, particularly in the Mé region.
Cote d'lvoire, which has been invested since 2012 in the REDD + process, is now at a veritable turning point in its forestry history: to disappear in the next 10 years its rainforests (outside the Taï NP, largely supported by GIZ) or to make the transition to more sustainable agricultural production (and logging).
This is the challenge of this very first REDD + project deployed in Côte d'Ivoire.
Implemented jointly with the REDD + Permanent Executive Secretariat, the project aims to locally define REDD + strategic options defined at the national level. It is also implemented at two levels of intervention: that of Mabi-Yaya forests, where most of the human and financial resources are concentrated, and that of the Mé region, the name of the river that runs through it region located at 1 hour of road, to the north-east of Abidjan (cf map opposite).
Component 1: Territorial development
Through the activities listed below, it is a question of inscribing the project in the dynamics of decentralization and securitization of the land already under way in Côte d'Ivoire:
- Contribution to the elaboration and implementation of the regional spatial planning scheme (SRAT) of the Regional Council of the Me;
- Participatory development of Local Development Plans (LDPs) in the 7 villages most subject to deforestation + implementation through local projects (schools, health centers, etc.).
Land tenure security
- Mass sensitization in each of the localities of the region regarding the opportunities offered by the land regulations;
- Delimitation of the 7 abovementioned village territories and issuance of land certificates on 3500 ha (500 ha per village).
Component 2: Sectoral Development
Agriculture zero deforestation
At the heart of the project, this component aims to provide technical support for 2250 households (on a minimum surface area of 5 000 Ha) and will be declared in accordance with the following guidelines:
- Improvement of the fertility of the plots of food crops (development of coffee / food associations in particular);
- Increased value added to the Ha: in the face of the challenge of renewing the old cocoa trees, development of agroforestry systems associating notably cocoa and / or rubber, the involvement of producers in the timber trade today largely under -valorized, etc.Revenue security and diversification: marketing advice, price risk management, revenue diversification over time (mobilization of the N'kalo system, developed by Rongead in the subregion).
Sustainable forest management and reforestation
- Mass sensitization on the provisions of the new Forest Code (2014);
- Forest management: advisory support to 150 owners of more than 3 hectares of forest;
- Reforestation: 500 ha reforested, including 50 ha of wood-energy;
- Call for projects dedicated to local NGOs already engaged in the reforestation effort.
Sustainable domestic energy
Specifically implemented along the main roads of the Region (in the direction of the cities of Adzopé and Alépé):
- Development of wood-energy resource (see Reforestation above);
- Training in improved carbonization techniques for 15 charcoal burners (see photo opposite);
- Call for projects in support of local initiatives dedicated to alternative fuels and improved furnaces (priority to women's associations).
Component 3: Impact measurement and support for the REDD + process
- Establishment of a Regional Reference Emissions Level (i.e. 2015-2025 projection of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation) in order to prepare the geographical extension of the project;
- Establishment of a Socio-Economic and Environmental Reference State in order to be able to measure the effects of the project over time;
- Research and development in terms of measuring degradation and increasing forest carbon stocks.
THE REPUBLIC OF COTE D'IVOIRE AND THE FRENCH DEVELOPMENT AGENCY finance the project under the Debt and Development Agreement (C2D).
The MINSEDD is the project owner, who is supervised by a Steering Committee composed of regional institutions, representatives of civil society and the private sector (cocoa and timber), who are very keen to collaborate in the preservation of natural resources . ETC TERRA-RONGEAD is in charge of implementing the project.