Gilé National Reserve
Pilot project to mitigate deforestation and Miombo forest degradation in the Gilé National Reserve in Mozambique
- Launched in January 2014 / Duration : 3 years / Budget : 2 M€
- Field partners: INTERNATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, AGRISUD INTERNATIONAL, RONGEAD
- Financial partners: FRENCH GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
Miombo Forest © Etc Terra
The Gilé National Reserve (GNR) used to be one of the most preserved treasures of biodiversity in Mozambique.
Mainly composed of dry forest, known as Miombo forest, the GNR hosted the last black rhino population of Mozambique. However, it suffered from the collateral damages of the Mozambican civil war: in 20 years, all of the GNR infrastructures were destroyed and its wildlife was reduced to almost zero.
Since 2009 the International Foundation for Wildlife Management (IGF), benefiting from a loan from the French Global Environment Facility (FFEM), is striving to rehabilitate the Reserve through the re-establishment of its infrastructures, anti-poaching activities and wildlife reintroduction (buffalo, wildebeest, zebra…). So far, those actions have proved to be efficient as wildlife populations are now increasing again.
From now on, the GNR faces two main challenges
- Securing a sustainable source of funding that will enable to continue the rehabilitation efforts that have been made;
- Working more closely with the communities living around the Reserve in order to promote an inclusive economic development and mitigate deforestation. Indeed, although the Reserve is, today, well-managed, local communities still do not benefit from it: deforestation is increasing on the outskirts of the Reserve, as a result of both population increase and shifting “slash & burn” agricultural practices – which are space consuming.
In order to meet those challenges, FFEM decided to launch a REDD+ project in the GNR. Its goal is to implement, with local communities, agro ecological techniques that foster both food security and forest conservation. Deforestation rate is expected to decrease: thanks to the REDD+ mechanism, it will be valued by the commercialization of carbon credits as a means for long term funding of the activities that have been launched with local populations and for the management of the Reserve itself.
All in all, this REDD+ project aims to initiate a virtuous circle promoting both economic development and forest conservation, funded by carbon finance.
The activities to be implemented are the following:
- Quantification of carbon stocks and historical deforestation rate and estimation of future deforestation and the potential for greenhouse gas emissions reductions;
- Designing of a REDD+ strategy for the project and validation of the project by an internationally recognized certification body;
- Support to 300 smallholder families to adopt agro-ecology practices on about 450 ha, 60% of which should be part of agro-forestry systems based on cashew trees;
- Designing of 6 agro-environmental plans of actions with 6 communities around the Reserve;
- Management of the Reserve (anti-poaching units, infrastructures maintenance, biodiversity monitoring, fire prevention)
This project is about transversally contributing to the Mozambican REDD+ strategy through a bottom-up approach.
Cashew planting © Etc Terra
This project is funded by FFEM.
IGF FOUNDATION is coordinating the project and is in charge of the reserve management component.
AGRISUD INTERNATIONAL is implementing the agricultural component.
RONGEAD is in charge of the activities dedicated to cashew nut valorisation.
ETC TERRA is in charge of the carbon component and of the designing of a REDD+ strategy.
RNG pictures are available on Facebook.