Sustainable management of Limbé watershed and measurement ofthe environmental impact of agricultural activities - North Haiti
- Launched: August 2013 / Duration : 3 years / Budget : 1,2 M€
- Field partners: AGRISUD NTERNATIONAL, GRADIMIRH, IRD
- Financial partners: AFD, REGION AQUITAINE, IFAID
The project is an extension of the "Food Security Project in Northeast Haiti" (PSANH) led by Agrisud since 2010. It focuses on the Limbé watershed composed by the 4 major following municipalities: Limbé, Bas Limbé, Marmelade and Acul North. 3 distinct geomorphological areas can be observed from upstream to downstream:
- Wet mountain areas: slope systems (cassava, taro, beans, peas, corn, livestock);
- Piedmont area: agroforestry (fruit, coffee, cocoa, bananas and yams);
- Plains area: wet and dry plain systems (rice, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas).
This great diversity of these systems allows a very varied production adapted to major markets (Limbé, Cap Haïtien and Port au Prince). However, small farms (<1 ha) are subject to intense constraints due to watershed degradation. Erosion of slope lands i) decreases the quality and size of usable land, ii) do not allow to secure current crops and iii) worsen floods threat and cultures burying downstream. This erosion results from the violence of rainfall events on some very steep land, undermined by inappropriate agricultural practices and deforestation (for energy production and timber and for new agricultural areas opening).
Training to carbon soil inventories © Etc Terra
- The project aims at strengthening agricultural systems through a comprehensive restoration of farms environment and by integrating trees into production systems (to secure land, intensify and diversify revenues in the mid-long term).
- The environmental interest of these activities is measured in terms of climate change mitigation and impact on natural resources, including water, soil and biodiversity.
- The main activities are:
- Coaching and training 700 farmers to improve their technical, economic and environmental practices;
- Support 4 municipalities regarding planning and implementation of development plans on the watershed;
- Development of methods of analysis and monitoring dedicated to the environmental impact of the project in terms of greenhouse gases emission and natural resources preservation.
Flow measurement © Etc Terra
- Socio-economic sustainable development of rural populations;
- Preservation and development of natural resources (water, soil, biodiversity);
- Adaptation / Mitigation regarding climate change (resilience of farming systems, reducing agricultural GHG emissions and carbon sequestration).
- AFD co-finance the project up to 50%;
- AGRISUD implements the project;
- GRADIMIRH (Haïtian Association) is the field partner involved in the i) training of the beneficiaries, ii) land use planning at both municipal and local levels and iii) implementation of agro-forestry systems.
- ETC TERRA coordinates the component dedicated to environmental impact assessment (carbon, water, soil, biodiversity).
- IRD provides specific support regarding the carbon footprint of the project.
- STATE UNIVERSITY OF HAITI provides studies and analysis on the environmental footprint of farms.
- The PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS and CITY COUNCILS are involved in the identification of priority areas and the implementation of local development plans.