Biogas in Mali
Providing biogas digesters in southern Mali.
- Launched: 2012 / Duration : 4 years / Budget : 532,000 Euros
- Field partners: AVSF, ICD, SKG SANGHA
- Financial partners: AFD, GOODPLANET FOUNDATION
- Carbone credits label : GOLD STANDARD (coming soon)
Traditional kitchen in Mali. © ICD/AVSF
National electricity consumption in Mali is based on excessive use of wood and charcoal (more than 80%), followed by petrol (16%) and electricity (3%). In addition, due to demographic pressure and the arrival of famers from drought-stricken zones further north, zones in South Mali are subjected to increased deforestation to provide more arable land. The growth of the population and the rural exodus exacerbate wood consumption in secondary urban centers.
The project aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and provide an alternative energy source to firewood and saline batteries (lighting), using biogas production in rural family units in the livestock zones of South Mali.
This experimental project - biogas technology is relatively unknown in Africa - aims specifically to:
- validate the technical and economic viability of biodigesters and energy production from animal biomass in southern Mali, and to learn from the conditions of adoption of such technology,
- create cconditions for a broad distribution of these units through the training of local skilled labour and craftspeople, particularly through the provision of bridge funding via carbon financing, in direct collaboration with the Malian state.
The direct project beneficiaries are at least 100 farming families (around 800 people) from two communities in Bougouni and Kita in South Mali. These families have already been partly identified thanks to the current AVSF and ICD projects supporting milk production and access to agricultural equipment.
The final choice of families for the installation and experimentation of biodigesters will be based on simple criteria linked to:
- use of a breeding system assuring the permanent presence of at least 5 bovines within the farm (for example a dairy barn),
- consent from the head of household and the women for the concession to install biogas,
- a financial participation (workforce and/or equipment and/or direct financing) proportional to the family’s economic level.
- Fight against climate change thanks to the use of renewable energy.
- Less pressure on wood resources, fight against erosion.
Economic and social benefits
- Improved energy access, time saving for beneficiaries.
- Less in-home air pollution (respiratory and ocular infections).
- Job creation and poverty reduction.
Park at night for the flock. © ICD/AVSF
AVSF and its local partner ICD already carried out in-the-field actions for small farmer organizations to develop agricultural products and improve the operations of small farmer units. Within this framework, families are encouraged to develop the composting of animal dejections to produce an organic enriching agent, which can be used directly in the fields.
The biogas project complements this new approach to the management of animal dung, with the additional benefit of renewable energy for cooking and lighting.
- AFD is financing the project with 460,000 Euros.
- The GOODPLANET FOUNDATION will globally pilot the project along with ETC TERRA and is also financing the project with 72,000 Euros, especially through the sale of pre-issued voluntary carbon credits.
- AVSF is responsible for the implementation of the training / animation / monitoring device for beneficiaries and the sites with biogas units.
- ICD is responsible for technical assistance to producers, particularly with regard to the establishment of dairy barns and biogas units.
- SKG SANGHA conducts field missions and technical advisory support for the construction of biogas units adapted to the local context.
Biogaz Mali pictures are available on Facebook